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Breast Cancer



Of all the known cancers in the world, breast cancer rates are alarming. In India, more and more patients are being diagnosed with breast cancer. It is the most common cancer in most parts of India, both urban and rural. Current Indian data show that there is a chance of one in 22 women to develop breast cancer.

However, awareness programs and continued research have helped to create advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. The survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated with breast cancer is steadily declining, mainly due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer

A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue

Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast

Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling

A newly inverted nipple

Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin

Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange

Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer. But it’s not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do.

Risk factors 

The risk of breast cancer increases with age.

If you’ve had breast cancer in one breast, you have an increased risk of developing it in the other

If your mother, sister or daughter was diagnosed with breast cancer, particularly at a young age, your risk of breast cancer is increased.

If you received radiation treatments to your chest as a child or young adult, your risk of breast cancer is increased.

Being obese increases your risk of breast cancer.

Women who have never been pregnant have a greater risk of breast cancer

Making changes in your daily life may help reduce your risk of developing breast cancer. Keep an active lifestyle and maintain your body weight. Include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts in your diet.

Self-exam

Occasionally inspect your breasts If there is a new change, lumps or other unusual signs in your breasts, talk to your doctor promptly.  Do not hesitate to undergo Mammogram screening as the it can detect the disease in the early stage.

 

 




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