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Baby Eczema



Eczema is very common in younger children under two years old.  It causes a dry, itchy skin rash that can be uncomfortable for the baby. Regular monitoring and treatment of the affected areas can reduce symptoms and help your child feel more comfortable.

Though the exact cause of Eczema is unknown, it is  likely related to a mix of factors such as  dry or irritable skin, a gene variation that affects the skin’s barrier function. immune system dysfunction, bacterial infections,  chemicals from swimming pools, woolen or synthetic fabrics, environmental conditions etc.

When a child’s skin dries out and becomes fragile due to eczema, it gets easily irritated and releases chemicals that cause itchiness.

Symptoms

Severe itching especially at night

Red to brownish-gray patches

Small, raised bumps

Thickened, cracked, dry, scaly skin

Raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching

Prevention
Protect your child’s skin – apply moisturiser and don’t use soaps that will dry it out. Dress your child in cotton if you can, rather than wool or synthetics. Some children might need wet dressings, which cool, protect and rehydrate the skin.

Avoid triggers –  Try to avoid the important triggers for your child. Try to keep your house free of dust mites, if possible.

Control itching – give your child antihistamines prescribed by your doctor.

Treat eczema flare ups – when symptoms appear, use ointments or creams prescribed by your doctor

If the condition persists, have your baby examined.  A child who has a fever and rash may also need evaluation. Talk with your doctor about using a medicated cream or ointment or trying bleach baths to ease symptoms. Use medications and bleach baths with the guidance of your pediatrician.




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